Also known as the “Queen City of the South”, Cebu City is the capital city of the province of Cebu and is the “second city” of the Philippines, being the center of Metro Cebu, the second most populous Metropolitan area in the Philippines after Metro Manila. Cebu City is a significant center of commerce, trade and education in the Visayas area.
The city is located on the eastern shore of Cebu island. It is the first Spanish settlement and the oldest city in the Philippines.
The name Cebu came from the old Cebuano word sibu which means trade, a shortened form of sinibuayng hingpit or the place for trading. It was originally applied to the harbors of the town of Sugbu, the ancient name for Cebu City. Sugbo, in turn, was derived from the Old Cebuano term for scorched earth or great fire.
FACTS ABOUT SUGBO
- Cebu City is the oldest city in the Philippines; hence, the mother of all cities.
- Colon Street in Cebu City is the oldest street in the country.
- University of San Carlos (Cebu) is the oldest school in the Philippines and Asia.
- Fort San Pedro in Cebu City is the oldest and smallest tri-bastion fort in the Philippines.
- Basilica of Santo Niño in Cebu City is the oldest relic in the Philippines.